For a political party to run for elections, it must first register as such. The process involves a series of procedures that must be carried out with the Ministry of the Interior. But the parties are not the only formations that attend elections. Coalitions and constituencies of voters can do that too. Learn the six functions of political parties that exist between them and what process they must follow to be voted.
Six functions of political parties
- Any citizen who does not have any custodial sentence can stand as a candidate for elections, with some exceptions. Members of the Royal Family and high-ranking State authorities, for example, cannot do so. Article 6 of the Electoral Law regulates this right and establishes some conditions. But to run for the elections, you must be part of: -A political party.-A coalition of the political parties.-A group of voters.
- A political party is an association with a legal personality that participates in different elections repeatedly. To establish themselves as such, the parties must submit a written request for registration in the registry of political parties of the Ministry of the Interior. Along with this document, the constitution agreement must be presented, which must contain the following information: -Name of the party promoters -Members of the provisional governing bodies -Corporate address of the party-Statutes by which the party will be governed. The presentation of the application and this documentation must be formalized before the Ministry of the Interior by going in person.
- Then, the Registry staff has a maximum period of 20 days to give the go-ahead and include the political party in its database. Once the training is registered, it can legally stand for elections.
- Political parties can form coalitions and stand together in elections. These alliances are materialized in mixed lists that include members of the different formations that have joined forces. Electoral coalitions must be constituted before the corresponding electoral board within 10 days after the election is called. The process must be repeated in the next elections.
- Citizens can stand for elections in constituencies of voters. These political associations cannot participate in more than one electoral process simultaneously and can only appear for a specific constituency. They must renew their candidacy each time they want to stand for elections. Voter groups must formalize their registration before the corresponding electoral board. Along with this petition, they must present a certain number of citizen signatures supporting their candidacy. They will vary depending on whether they are the Congress, the European Parliament, for the regional or municipal ones. Call the Ministry of the Interior so they can inform you exactly of the figure.
- The Electoral Law establishes that the candidacies (political parties, coalitions, and electoral groups) that compete in municipal, regional elections to the Congress of Deputies and the European Parliament must have mixed lists made up of men and women. The total of each sex member must constitute, as a minimum, 40% of the total of said list.